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college_rankings [2010/09/05 12:55] (Version actuelle)
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 +====== College Rankings ======
 +
 +Like many other alumni ((particularly of top US and international institutions)), rankings of colleges and universities get my attention, even if our schools' ranks sometimes disappoint.  When they disappoint, we of course examine the methodology very critically and find flaws; that is easiest when they are multi-criterion, include "open answer" questions, or both, since the choice of criteria, relative weighting, and scaling of non-quantitative and other open answer questions has no **right** answer.
 +
 +===== Greenness =====
 +
 +One ranking on greenness or environmental friendliness published recently had flaws of composition, scaling and aggregate weighting.  I'll add it when I find the references to it.
 +
 +===== Origins of S&E Doctorates =====
 +
 +In July 2008 the NSF published [[http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/infbrief/nsf08311/| a study of the baccalaureate origins of PhD earners over the period from 1997 to 2006 (inclusive)]]. The report is clear and well written, I recommend reading it.
 +
 +One reality which caught my attention was not a result, but an empirically estimated parameter used in the statistical construction of the study: **nine years median elapsed time from baccalaureate to doctorate!**.  In France, the pace would be closer to **five** years, I expect; one typically earns a Master first, in two years (those who take longer probably won't be accepted in a doctoral program), then works on research and one's thesis for three years.
 +
 +Another was the very high proportion of foreign-educated baccalaureates earning science and engineering doctorates in the U.S. 
 +
 +^  Period  ^  Total  ^  Foreign-prepped  ^ Per cent\\ foreign-prepped ^ Non-foreign ((US & unknown)) ^ Unknown ^ Domestic ^
 +^ 1997-2001 |  139 386|  39 871|  28.6|  99 515|  14 815|  84 700|
 +^ 2002-2006 |  142 750|  47 095|  33.0|  95 655|  13 211|  82 444|
 +
 +[[http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/nsf96334/foreign.htm|A previous NSF study]], of the 1991-1995 period, noted that:
 +
 +> Universities in the United States and other major Western nations house advanced training facilities and employ distinguished scholars. Consequently, many students from foreign countries come to the United States to obtain graduate S&E training. In 1995, 40 percent of all S&E doctorate recipients from U.S. universities were citizens of foreign countries; a decade earlier, the comparable figure was 27 percent.[3]  Given the growing international nature of the scientific and technological community, it is not surprising that over one-third of all recipients of S&E doctorates awarded by U.S. universities had received their baccalaureates from foreign institutions. 
 +
 +Thus, the large number of foreigners in U.S. S&E doctoral programs, foreign-baccalaureate or not, has been high since the 1990s, and was much lower in the 1980s. What is striking is that **the number of foreign-prepared doctoral candidates increased (40k to 47k) between 1997-2001 and 2002-2006, whereas the numbers of domestic prepared and domestic+unknown prepared candidates decreased by a couple of thousand.**
 +
 +==== University of California ====
 +
 +As a Cal engineering alum (MS, not PhD nor BS, though), I was pleased to see that Cal is the leading domestic producer of S&E doctors-to-be. What's more, the seven University of California campuses--which are largely autonomous, particularly in admissions--present in the top 50 producers list together prepared over one sixth of the Top 50 Total. The eight Ivy League schools, while mostly much smaller, did almost as well, too, reflecting their high yields ((ratio of PhD-earners to the number of baccalaureate earners nine years earlier, as a percentage)).
 +
 +From Table 3 : ranking by gross production (not yield)
 +
 +^ Rank ^ Institution                   ^ S&E doctorates ^
 +^  1   | University of California - Berkeley       |  3 199|
 +^  10  | University of California - Los Angeles    |  1 674|
 +^  11  | University of California - Davis          |  1 499|
 +^  12  | University of California - San Diego      |  1 441|
 +^  34  | University of California - Santa Cruz     |    892|
 +^  36  | University of California - Santa Barbara  |    846|
 +^  38  | University of California - Irvine         |    795|
 +^      ^ Total U. C. ((except Modesto))            ^  10 346|
 +^    |                                           ||                         
 +^  2  | Cornell University, all campuses (?)      |  2 536|
 +^  7  | Harvard University                        |  1 775|
 +^  23  | Princeton University                      |  1 135|
 +^  26  | University of Pennsylvania                |  1 097|
 +^  28  | Yale University                           |  1 087|
 +^  29  | Brown University                          |  1 076|
 +^  49  | Columbia University in the City of N.Y.   |    690|
 +^    | Total Ivy League (w/o Dartmouth)          |  9 396|
 +^  ? | Dartmouth ((from yield table, didn't make the cutoff for production table))  |    609|
 +^    ^ Total Ivy League                          ^  10 005|
 +^    |                                           ||
 +^  Pareto Pre-analysis  ^^^
 +^ Ranks ^   ^ S&E Doctorates ^
 +^  1-5  |                                        |  11 840|
 +^  1-10 |                                        |  20 527|
 +^ 11-20 |                                        |  13 219|
 +^ 21-30 |                                        |  11 092|
 +^ 31-40 |                                        |   8 701|
 +^ 41-50 |                                        |   7 254|
 +^       | Total Top 50                           |  60 793|
 +^  -0-  ^^^
 +^    Break-down added back up   ^^^
 +^    | Total U. C.                               |  10 346|
 +^    | Total Ivy League                          |  10 005|
 +^    | Other Top 50 ((excluding Dartmouth))      |
 +^    | Subtotal Top 50                           ^  60 793|
 +^    | Other Domestic institutions               |  105 182|
 +^    | Domestic institutions                     ^  165 975|
 +^    | Foreign institutions                      |  87 836|
 +^    | Unknown institutions                      |  28 280|
 +^    | All Baccalaureate-origin institutions     ^  282 091| 
 +
 +
  
 
college_rankings.txt · Dernière modification: 2010/09/05 12:55 par suitable
 
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